"To Seek out that which was Lost..."

Article II


    In the same year that the Ten Tribes of Israel regained their independence, Judah lost its independence to become captive of Babylon since it lay in the path of Nebuchadnezzar marching in his conquest of Egypt According to Yahweh's word, (As related in Ezekiel 29:19), Egypt was to be given to Nebuchadnezzar in payment for services rendered in the destruction of Tyre; and as Judah had made an alliance with Egypt, it was necessary for Nebuchadnezzar to take Judea within a supervisory captivity. We must recognize, however, that he treated the Jews with kindness, and for this Yahweh showed His approval even revealing Himself to him on several occasions.

    But after the death of Nabopolassar's son, when Belshazzar, his grandson, came to power, the treatment of the Jews was reversed. A veritable Hitler came to the throne. He cared neither for the Jews, nor for Elohim, and showed his contempt for both (Daniel 5:1-4). This marks the beginning of the last days of the head of gold, but not of the LATTER DAYS."

    No sooner did persecution of the Jews begin under Belshazzar, than the prayers of the persecuted began to ascend to the throne of Yahweh. Invariably when Yahweh's people pray, He answers. And so in this case, first by giving Daniel a vision (Daniel 7), and second, by ordering emancipated Israel, at this time known by the name of Medes and Persians, to attack Babylon and set captive Judah free, as He had planned .—Isaiah 14:3-4.

Medo-Persian Empire

    As Isaiah specifically states, those who had first liberated themselves from Assyrian captivity were now going to set free their captive brethren, the Jews, from Babylon captivity:
    "For the Eternal will have pity upon Jacob and once more take Israel as His own, setting them in their own country, where foreigners shall join them and attach themselves to the household of Jacob.

    "The household of Israel shall be conducted to their place by outside nations, and then shall hold them as slaves in the land of the Eternal, thus making captives of their former captors, and ruling over their Oppressors.

    "Then shall it be that after the Eternal grants you relief from your agony and misery and the slavery you have had to suffer.
    "You shall raise this taunt-song against the King of Babylon, crying: How the tyrant is hushed and his mad rage hushed, the club of the godless the Eternal has crushed, the rod of the oppression. That beat the nations in a passion blow after blow, that enslaved races in a fury, and never let them go."—Isaiah 14:1-6.— Moffat's Translation.

    The very tenor of the "taunting speech" supplies evidence that those Medes were fully aware of the relationship existing between themselves and those of the Babylonian captivity, in spite of the fact that so far as history has been concerned they were known as Medes and Persians, and by other names adopted in the westward march toward their promised destinations (II Sam. 7:10; I Chron. 17:9; Isa. 41:1; Gen.49; Deut.33) . For further corroboration of this, let us read, in the 13th chapter of Isaiah, a description of the assault on Babylon:

    "For I have charged my chosen host to execute my wrath, my heroes have I summoned, my men of martial pride. Hark! a din among the mountains as of a mighty host. Hark! 'tis the uproar of empires, nations gathering; for Yahweh of hosts is mustering a battle array." — Moffatt's Translation

    Notice especially in these verses "my chosen host" (Israel)—"to execute my wrath,—my heroes have I summoned, my men of martial pride." Jeremiah calls Israel Yahweh's 'battle ax," Jeremiah 51: 19-24; and, in the 11th and 28th verses of this same chapter, he actually refers to them by the name they bear in secular history, "Medes." In Isaiah 13:17, they are again called Medes; but these Medes are Israel, His battle axe with which He had promised to destroy this last successor to the empire of Nimrod.

    Let us go on to the next point in the program, Yahweh's answer to captive Judah's cry in Babylon, was the "handwriting on the wall (Dan. 5:25-31)" at Belshazzar's feast, which was followed by the destruction of the Babylonian Empire by ten tribes of Israel, known as Medes and Persians (538 B. C.), and the famous Edict of Cyrus liberating the Jews and making possible their return to Palestine. The fall of Babylon ended a succession of empires begun by, Nimrod. Cyrus, named by Isaiah (Isa. 44:28 and 45:1 ) sixty-five years before his birth, began a new line of empires —no longer Hamitic or Japhetic, but of pure Semitic stock— a Hebrew, Shem-Aryan line, which will end with the coming of the Messiah to establish an empire of righteousness that shall last forever.

Grecian Empire

    When the Medo-Persian Empire, the BREAST AND ARMS OF SILVER," a union of Israelitish tribes, had worn out its use-fullness — when sin, corruption and tyranny had filled its cup, it began to decay and was in turn replaced by the Grecian Empire, another Israelitish union or the "BELLY AND THIGHS" of the Colossal Image of Nebuchadnezzar's dream. Before we discuss the overthrow of the Empire of Cyrus by the Greeks, let us consider the origin of these Mediterranean peoples who formed the nucleus of Alexander's Empire.

Early Settlers of the Mediterranean

    The early inhabitants of the Aegean Islands and the coast lands of the territory lying northeast of the Mediterranean were a portion of the descendants of Javan son of Japheth son of Noah (Gen.10:2 As for the rest of the descendants of Javan, all evidence points to their having made their way to the Far East). In much the same way that the American Indian another mongoloid group, were crowded off this continent by the oncoming waves of white settlers, so these early Javanites gave way before successive invasions of white men. These came variously from Egypt between the nineteenth and seventeenth centuries B. C., from Palestine between the fourteenth and eighth centuries B. C., and from Mesopotamia until about the fourth century A. D.

    About 1800 B.C., we find in Egypt a ruling dynasty of Pharaohs who were kind and fair in all their dealings. These were the Hyksos, or Shepherd Kings, a branch of the Semitic family. After several centuries these Shepherd Kings were either overthrown or they left Egypt of their own volition. You will recall that after the death of Joseph there arose another dynasty of Pharaohs who "knew not Joseph (Exo. 23) " At this time the Israelites became an enslaved people. The Hyksos were the builders of the Pyramids and the Sphinx; consequently they were known as Phinix-men or Phoenicians. Becoming noted for their ability as navigators, colonizers, and international traders, they were also famous for their dyes, fabrics, metalwork, and glassware, and settled the coast of Syria, making Tyre and Zidon their headquarters. Their language was akin to the Hebrew, having an alphabet consisting of twenty two consonants as has Hebrew. They were a part of the main branch of the Hebrew race, laying the foundation for the Semitic civilization in Europe. Where the Hyksos disappear in history, the Phoenicians appear. These people were not unknown to the Israelites in Egypt, and when Moses brought them out of the Egyptian bondage, the malcontents among them joined the Phoenician traders as we shall see. When the children of Israel came out of Egypt and were acquiring Palestine, promised to their forefathers, they were fighting for possession of Ai, but were being worsted in battle. As the custom was, they cast lots to discover the sinner responsible for the reversal. The lot finally fell on Achan (See Joshua 7) of the house of Zarah. To save Israel and to purge this sin from camp. Achan was stoned. It was natural that his immediate family, the Zarah-ite portion of Judah did not relish the idea of capital punishment for one of their number. As a result, they separated themselves from the rest of Israel. Going to the coast, they joined the Phenix-men, or Phoenicians, and traveled northward and westward, colonizing as they went. They gave the paternal name to a colony they established in Sicily, calling it Zarah-gossa (founded approximately 1450 B. C.). They also gave this name to another colony they established in Spain. Traveling through the Straights of Gibraltar and going north, they colonized the British Isles, with trading posts in Ire land and Cornwall, where the Phoenicians had begun to exploit the mineral resources.

"While down at Greenwich, for slaves and tin,
The tall Phoenician ships stole in,
And North Sea war-boats, painted and gay,
Flashed like dragon-'dies Erith way;
And Norseman and negro, Gaul and Greek,
Drank with Britons in Barking Creek,
And life was gay and the world was new,
And I was a mile across at Kew!
But the Roman came with a heavy hand,
And bridged and roaded and ruled the land,
And the Romans left and the Danes blew in—
And that's where your history-books begin ! "
            —The River's Tale, by R. Kipling.

    Others of these Zarah-ite Jews intermingled with the Phoenicians in the Aegean Islands and also in Italy where they helped to build the city of Venezia or Phenezia, or as we know it today, Venice. They also established themselves in the L)Dardanelles, naming it after Darda, Zarah's fifth son (I Chron. 2:6). These sons of Zarah were noted for their wisdom in all the nations round about but evidently not in Israel (See I Kings 4:31 ) . These, too, helped to lay the foundation of the Semitic cultural civilization of the West by contributing the first contingent of Israelitish blood destined to be not only the possessors of Western Europe, but, eventually, the rulers of the world. These early colonizers, the Hyksos and Zarahite Jews, are called by historians Phoenicians, Cretans, Etruscans, Iberians (Ibrews) and various other names.

    Evidence indicates that Ethan, one of these wise sons of Zarah, founded the city of Athens about the 1 5th century, B. C. This corresponds to the time that the Zarah-ites separated themselves from Israel because of the stoning of their kinsman, Achan. These Athenians were celebrated for their philosophy and literature, as well as other arts and sciences. They contributed so much to the embellishment of Athens that their pride made them personify its intellectual beauty, exalting it to the sky as Athene or Athens. Later this product of their imagination was deified and made into a goddess, an idol of worship. The Athenaeum, which was within the precincts of the temple of Athena, was the center of liberal arts, where poets read aloud their works and the wise gave forth their wisdom. Another son of Zarah was Heman. He did some pioneering in Sicily. After the Zarah-ites had built Zaragossa ( Syracuse ) their descendents had a dispute, and some of the inhabitants were exiled These exiles left Syracuse about the seventh century B. C., and, following the shore line, finally landed on the other side of the island and settled there. They built a city called Hemera after their ancestor. The writer of this article was born about twenty miles from this coastal city, Hemera, and has been particularly interested in discovering its authentic history. The city was razed to the ground about 409 B. C., some say by a terrific storm. others say it was by an attack of the Greek forces, who were periodically raiding the inhabitants of the island. In any event, it was rebuilt two years later and called Thermea-Himerensia. Today it is called Termini Imerese. While these Zarah-ite Jews pioneered with the Phoenicians in and around the Mediterranean, they were soon joined by other Israelites of the Tribe of Dan and much later by descendants of Naphtali.

    When the land of Canaan was divided among twelve tribes by Joshua, Dan was dissatisfied, and took the matter into his own hands (Joshua 19:47 and Judges 18:1 ) But in spite of the fact that he acquired by his own aggressiveness more than had been allotted him, the Danites never forgave their brethren for this fancied slight. Therefore when the children of Israel —rallied by Barak and Deborah— fought against Jabin, King of the Canaanites (Judges 4 ), Dan was not among the defenders of Israel's liberty- (Judges 5:17). It appears, from the account in Judges 5:17, that some members of Dan's tribe had taken to navigation, having gone out to do a little colonizing of their own. This separation took place about 1296 B. C. It is at this time that historians tell us a people called Danaoi colonized the Aegean and Hellas, organizing a real navy. Strange indeed that where the Danites leave on their seafaring venture, a people should suddenly appear from nowhere to establish themselves in Greece, calling themselves Danaoi, yet having, supposedly, no connection with the chosen race! Even mythology says that these Danaoi were pursued by the sons of Aegyptus, surely an allusion to the Danites' having lately fled from Egypt.

    From the foregoing, we have seen that the Greek civilization started with Hebrew and Israelitish blood. After several hundred years, during which Israel went through their varied experiences in the Promised Land, including civil war and the secession of the Ten Tribes, another contingent came over to join their relatives settled around the Mediterranean. As stated earlier in this paper, the Ten Tribes were carried to Assyria in mass transplantings by several Assyrian kings over a period of years. The earliest transfer was carried out about 760 B. C. when Tiglath-Pilesar invaded Samaria and took Ijon, Abelbeth-Maacha, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all of the land of Naphtali and carried them to Assyria (See II King 15:29) . There is no record of this people's ever having gone back to Samaria. Neither has any evidence nor record been found in the annals of the kings of Assyria to indicate that these people were detained there. What became of these captives? We know that in ancient times people gave their names to the lands they came to possess. Let us see therefore whether we can trace them by this principle. Take the name Ijon, or Iyon as it is pronounced. This name appears as Ion, and the bearers of it gave it to the group of islands in the Aegean, Ionia, and here they founded the celebrated Ionian culture that forms the very framework of our modern civilization. These Ionians and the Danites joined hands in the Aegean and cooperated in commercial traffic and colonizing enterprises that laid the foundations of a new empire. These activities of Ijon are described in Ezekiel 27. The word Javan in verse 19 is not a true rendering. Notice that in the 13th verse Javan is joined with Tubal and Mosoch, the descendants of Japheth but in verse 19 there was a different word which transcribers copied and the translators translated Javan instead of Iyon as the context calls for. Further these are not joined with the Japhethites, who are described as dealing in slaves (Verse 13, also Joel 3:6), but were joined with their Israelitish brother, Dan. Both Dan and Naphtali, who was the father of Ijon, were sons of the same mother, Balhah. In Joel 3:6, the translators rendered the word Javan as Greece, contrary to all rule. Apparently it was to them a case of hit- or-miss.

    After Naphtali was taken away from Samaria (II Kings 15:29), these people did not come back home to Palestine, but apparently ransomed themselves out of the hands of the Assyrians and migrated westward, fulfilling the command of Deuteronomy 33 :25, as explained in a previous paper. Take Abel-beth-Maacha, for instance. This was a city of Naphtali and meant meadow (Abel) of the house (beth) of Maacha. The former inhabitants of this city journeyed westward from the land of unrest and gave the old name to their new home, "the meadow of the house (Sala) of Maacha" in Spain. Salamanca still retains that name. Another of the cities of Naphtali was Hazor and the inhabitants of the city not only transplanted themselves to their destined coast lands (Isa. 41:1) of the west, (Ai-Yam) but carried the name of their old city to give it to their new habitation. So today we have the group of islands on the Atlantic which we call the Azores, but which the Portuguese and Spaniards still call by the original Hebrew name Hazors. The great southern port city of Italy gives evidence of having been founded by these Naphtalites. It cannot be coincidence that removing the letter "T" from Naphtali gives you Napali or Napoli, the Italian name for Naples. The next of these transplanted cities of Naphtali is Janoah. Don't change the sound of this word, but change the letter "J" into the same-sounding letter "G" and you have another of the transplanted cities of Naphtali, Genoa, the birthplace of the great navigator Columbus. Kedish is not to be neglected nor to go unremembered for she too was carried over the land of the west, and corrupted into Cadiz, an important coastal city of Spain. All this was subsequent to the founding of Rome in 753 B. C.

    The familiar legend that Romulus and Remus were nursed by a wolf is a very- interesting pictogram, and, by exploring it, we find an important piece of information that historians have let slip through their fingers. In II Kings 15:27, we read of Pekah the son of Remaliah. (In the Roman Catholic Bible this name is spelled Romaliah). This Romaliah, the father of Pekah, was perhaps also the director of his son's political ambitions. As we have already noticed, when these Naphtalites were taken captive from their own land to Assyria, they did not stay there, but somehow ransomed themselves out of the hands of Senecherib and then —instead of returning to their ancestral home in Palestine— journeyed farther west. Now for the legend: Romulus and Remus were probably none other than Remaliah (or Romaliah) and his son Pekah. They, accompanied by a goodly number of their tribal companions, were nourished by their brother Benjamin, "The Wolf" (Benjamin, a wolf— Gen. 49:27)— the financial wizard of all the Israelitish tribes. He it was who must have financed the enterprise of the pioneering Romaliah, the founder of the city of Rome. He called it Roma (Rome) after its founder Romaliah, thus laying the foundation of what was destined to be the Roman Empire. While the city was named after Romaliah, the first King was Piccus (Pekah, his son) who was later deified and became the Italian god of agriculture. We have now identified the Hyksos, the Zarah-ite Jews, the Danites and the Ionians (Naphtalites) as a nucleus of Greek city-states existing simultaneously with Assyrian, Babylonian, and Medo-Persian Empire, who encouraged emigration and colonization, with a view to extending its domain particularly toward the West. Cyrus followed the western migration with interest and extended to it the prerogative of taxation and his protection. This in time brought him into conflict with various Greek city-states some of which he subjugated, bringing them under Medo-Persian rule.

    For many years these conditions existed. Meanwhile the Ionians, Aeolians, Dorians (Dardians, Dara-ions), Lydians, Macedonians, Trojans and Spartans, were busy building their separate city- states and quarreling with each other when not fighting against their great Empire-neighbor to the east. Finally under the reign of the later rulers of the united states of the Medes and Persians, who became dictatorial and abused their power, the Empire began to decay. But this did not hinder Emperor Xerxes from attempting to subjugate the Greeks and to extend his control westward. But the Greeks, realizing that separated they could not hope to preserve independence, decided to federate, thereby presenting a united front against the eastern invader. So Philip of Macedon (Macedon— The Mace of Dan? ) rallied them under his banner for liberty, "that the democratic form of government should not perish from the earth." Philip died without having accomplished his Pan-Hellenic dream, but his son Alexander continued his father's plans and at the early age of twenty, accomplished the impossible. Having demonstrated his military genius, he aroused the free Greek city-states, together with the dissatisfied units of the Medo- Persian Empire, and thus succeeded in destroying the second portion of the Colossal Image of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, "THE BREAST AND ARMS OF SILVER," representing the Medo- Persian Empire (Corresponding to the two-horned ram of Daniel 8:3). This brought into being the third portion of the Colossal Image, "THE BELLY AND THIGHS OF BRASS (And the he-goat of Daniel 8: 5)," the united states of Greek Republics under the dictatorship of Alexander the Great.

    In this Empire we now have, not only the Ten Tribes transported into Assyria as slaves coming westward as freemen and conquerors, but we see them joining the others of the same race who went ahead of them and pioneered, making the land ready for their coming. "This is Yahweh's doing and it is marvelous in your eyes."

    Alexander had succeeded in uniting the free cities of Greece, and having conquered Darius III, became the head of the combined territory of Greece and the southern portion of what had been the Medo-Persian Empire, extending from the Aegean to India. Having no more worlds to conquer, Alexander settled down to enjoy the fruits of his victories. For six years he had undisputed possession of the empire; he created nothing new; this inertia was not good for him; he began to dissipate; idleness became his enemy, and conquered him. After a heavy drinking bout in Babylon, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died in a drunken stupor. Alexander left no heir to his throne and this was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Daniel 8:20 that the King of Grecia (Alexander) was to leave no heir, but that his kingdom was to be divided into four parts. This was done when it was divided among Alexander's four generals, Seleucus, Antigonas, Ptolomy and Lysimachus. It is from this weakening of Greece that Rome gathered its eastern momentus, as we shall see.

Chapter Three

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