"To Seek out that which was Lost..."


Similar to the foregoing components of Sun-worship which had been adopted into the church, we have similar proof of the adoption of a pagan word or name, although less convincing of its absolute solar origin. However, we can clearly see that, with the Greeks using both the Greek words Messias (a transliteration) and Christos (a translation) for the Hebrew Mashiach (Anointed), the word Christos was far more acceptable to the pagans who were worshipping Chreston, Chrestos, and perhaps also those worshipping Krista. But we will come to that later.

The Hebrew word Mashiach has been translated in the Old Testament of the King James Version as "Anointed" in most places, but as "Messiah" in two places, namely Dan. 9:25 and 26. This word is a title, although it was used as an appellative (name) later on. Thus, this word was faithfully translated as "Anointed" in the Old Testament and only in Dan 9:25 and 26 was its Hebrew character retained in the transliterated "Messiah". Likewise, we find that the Greeks also admitted their transliterated form Messias in the Greek New Testament in John 1:41 and John 4:25. Why then did they introduce or use the word Christos in the rest of the Greek New Testament? Even if they had preferred Christos to Messias, why did our translators transliterate the word as "Christ"? Why did they not transliterate the word, as was done in Dan 9:25 and 26, as "Messiah", seeing that the Greeks had also accepted their Greek transliteration of the word, namely Messias in John 1:41 and John 4:25? Ferrar Fenton's translation, The Complete Bible in Modern English, used "Messiah" instead of "Christ" in most places where the word is used alone, except when used as the combination "Jesus Christ". Similarly, the New English Bible has used "Messiah" in its New Testament in many places. The Good News Bible has restored the word "Messiah" in no less than 70 places in its New Testament. The New International Version gives the alternative "Messiah" in almost all places, by means of a footnote. Dr. Bullinger in The Companion Bible, appendix 98 IX, says, "Hence, the Noun (Christos) is used of and for the Messiah, and in the Gospels should always be translated 'Messiah'". also, Benjamin Wilson in his Emphatic Diaglott has restored the words "Anointed" and "Messiah" in many places.

Yahush˙a Himself said in John 4:22, "For salvation is from the Jews," NASB. Not only was our Messiah born from a Hebrew virgin, but also all of His Saving Message, the teachings, "the root and fatness" (Rom. 11:17), the Glad Tidings, "spiritual things" (Rom. 15:27), "the citizenship of Israel" (Eph. 2:12, Rotherham), "covenants of promise" (Eph. 2:12), "the spiritual blessings" (Rom. 15:27, NIV and TEV) - are all from the Jews! The Good News Bible, in its rendering of Rom. 9:4-5 added the word "True" to the word "Worship" to make it clearer. Speaking of literal Israel, it read, "They are The Mighty One's people; He made His covenants with them and gave them the Law; they have the True Worship; they have received The Mighty One's promises; they are descended from the famous Hebrew ancestors; and Messiah, as a human Being, belongs to their race." Read this passage in the NIV and NEB to. These New Testament texts irrefutable prove the Jewishness of our Messiah. That well-known scholar of the Old Testament, as well as New Testament, Prof. Julius Wellhausen, who in all his works expressed his hatred towards Pharisaical Judaism, nevertheless wrote the following bold words, "Jesus ... was a Jew. he proclaimed no new faith, but He taught that the Will of God must be done. The Will of God stands for Him, as for the Jews, in eh Law, and in the other holy Scriptures that are classed with it."200 Yahush˙a could not have been known as Christos amongst His people. His title was known as Mashiach in Hebrew, and Mesiha in Aramaic - to those who accepted Him as such, Matt. 16:16, John 6:69 etc. This title is easily transliterated as "Messiah", and is generally accepted, and has been accepted, just like the Greek Messias. Why then have they not persisted with it? Even if they wanted to translate it, why have they not translated it as "Anointed", as was done in the English translation of the King James Version's Old Testament?

Our research into this matter has produced some revealing similarities between Christos and certain pagan names and titles. F.D. Gearly, writing in The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 1, pp. 571-572, says, "the word Christos ... was easily confused with the common Greek proper name Chrestos, meaning 'good'." He also quotes a French theological dictionary which says, "It is absolutely beyond doubt that Christus and Chrestus, Christiani and Chrestiani, were used indifferently by the profane and Christian authors of the first two centuries of our era." he continues, "in Greek, 'e' and 'i' were similarly pronounced and often confused, the original spelling of the word should be determined only if we could fix its provenance (origin). ... The problem is further complicated by the fact that the word Christianos is a Latinism ... and was contributed neither by Jews nor by the Christians themselves." He quotes various scholars to support his proposition that the word Christianos was introduced from one of three origins: (a) The Roman police (b) The Roman populace (c) Unspecified pagan provenance (origin)." he then proceeds, "The three occurences of 'Christian' in the NT suggest that the term was at this time primarily used as a pagan designation. Its infrequent use in the NT indicates not so much lateness of origin as pagan provenance (origin)."

This almost sensational admission as to the confusion and uncertainty between Christos and Chrestos, Christus and Chrestus, Christiani and Chrestiani, is well documented and shared and published by other scholars too,201 as well as by the Early Fathers: Justin Martyr, Tertullian, Lanctantius and others.201 This confusion and uncertainty can only encourage and encourage us to return to the only Source of Truth, the Word, the Scriptures, before it was translated into the languages of the pagans. Only then can we find peace in the truth of Yahush˙a being the Anointed, the One promised to Israel.

Who was this Chrestos or Chreston with which Christos became confused with? We have already seen that Chrestos was a common Greek proper name, meaning "good". further, we see in Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopaedie, under "Chrestos", that the inscription Chrestos is to be seen on a Mithras relief in the Vatican. We also read in J.M. Robertson, Christianity and Mythology, p. 331, that Osiris, the Sun-deity of Egypt, was reverenced as Chrestos. We also read of the heretic Gnostics who used the name Chreistos.202 The confusion, and syncretism, is further evidenced by the oldest Christian building known, the Synagogue of the Marcionites on Mt. Hermon, built in the 3rd century, where the Messiah's title or appellation is spelt Chrestos.203 Justin Martyr (about 150 C.E.) said that Christians were Chrestoi or "good". Tertullian and Lactantius inform us that "the common people usually called Christ Chrestos". Clement of Alexandria, in the same age, said, "all who believe in Christ are called Chrestoi, that is 'good men.'"203

The word Christos could even have been more acceptable to the Krishna-worshippers, because the name of Krishnawas pronounced, and still is to the present day, as Krista, in many parts of India.204Thus, we can readily see that the word Christos was easier to convert the pagans with than the word "Messiah", especially because of the anti-Judaism that prevailed among the pagans. The syncretism between Christos and Chrestos (the Sun-deity Orsiris), is further elucidated by the fact of emperor Hadrian's report, who wrote, "There are there (in Egypt) Christians who worship Serapis; and devoted to Serapis, are those who call themselves 'Bishops of Christ'."198 Serapis was another Sun-deity who superseded Osiris in Alexandria. Once again, we must not falter nor stumble over this confusion among the Gentiles. Rather, we must seek the truth, primarily from the faithfully preserved Old testament Scriptures - see 2 Tim. 3:16, John 17:17, Ps. 119:105, Isa 40:8. We must worship the Father in Spirit and in Truth, as well as His Son, Yahush˙a the Messiah, Who is sitting at His right hand. We do accept every word in the New Testament, but we do desire to return to the original Scriptures of the New Testament, as far back as we possibly can. As previously mentioned, the Greeks changed Elijah into Helias in the Greek New Testament, and the Helios-worshippers must have been overjoyed because of their Sun-deity being assimilated to the Elijah of the Scriptures. To avoid the confusion between Helias and Helios, we should abide by the Hebrew "Elijah". Likewise, to avoid confusion between Christos and Chrestos, we should abide by the word Anointed - remembering that Osiris the Sun-deity, amongst others, was called Chrestos. Mithras too, was possibly called Chrestos (see above).


These three words are compounded from and derived from the same word Sakra, which we discussed earlier on. Instead of "sacrifice", we should used the words preferred by some modern English translations, namely, "offering" as the noun, and "offer" as the verb. The word "sacrilege" appears only once in the King James Version and has since been rendered as the more correct "rob". "Sacrament" as a word does not appear in any translation of the Scriptures. It is purely and ecclesiastical word and means a religious ceremony. It is best rendered "ceremony".


Because of tradition we bury the dead with their heads towards the West, and their faces facing East. The date of onset of this practice is not known. It is generally told that this is done because our Messiah will allegedly appear in the East at His Second Coming. this was the reason given by the Church for this manner of burial in the first record of Eastward-facing burial, in the year 379 (or 380), as related by Gregory of Nyssa.205 The sect of the Marcionites did the same in a recorded statement, previously, in the year 250.206 The Scriptures lend no support whatsoever to this claim of this alleged appearance in the East. The Messiah will appear on the clouds, but we read nowhere from what direction, except from "above". This tradition clearly originates from Sun-worship, just like the prayers towards the East and the worship of the Sun towards the East - as we read of in Eze. 8:16. It does not matter how we are buried, but we must take note of this custom or manner of Sun-worship which was obviously taken over by the Gnostic Marcionites and subsequently by the Church.


The well-known pointed obelisks or sun-pillars of Egypt are found in the Scriptures in the Hebrew words matzebah and hammanim. The former word is best translated as "pillars" or as "sun-pillars", and the latter as "sun-images". In Jer. 43:13 this matzebah (sun-pillars) are identified as those obelisks found in Beth-shemesh (in Greek: Heliopolis) in the land of Egypt. Unfortunately the King James Version rendered this word matzebah in most places as "images" instead of "obelisks" or "pillars", as the other English versions correctly do. In Exod. 23:24 Israel was commanded to break down these pillars of the heathen nations. he repeated this in Exod. 34:13, deut. 7:5 and Deut. 12:3. And in many other places n Scripture these pillars or sun-pillars are emphatically described as an "abomination" by our Mighty One. Israel was not only commanded to break down these pagan pillars or sun-pillars, they were strictly commanded not to erect them, Deut. 16:22 and Lev. 26:1. in Deut. 16:22 our Mighty One says that He "hates" them.

Diodorus spoke of an obelisk 130 feet high which was erected by Queen Semiramis in Babylon.207 In Babylon the phallic symbolism seems to have been the more important aspect. However, in Egypt more emphasis was put on its sun-symbolism seems to have been the more important aspect. However, in Egypt more emphasis was put on its sun-symbolism, pointing upwards to the sun, and also described as a sun-ray. These obelisks were commonly erected at the entrance to the temples of Isis or other temples of the numerous Sun-deities of Egypt, especially in the city of Heliopolis (Beth-shemesh), for its sun-symbolism as well as for its phallic meaning. Ezekiel chapter 8 clearly describes to us the mixture of Israel's' True Worship with that of Sun-worship in the form of Tammuz-worship (Tammuz being the young Sun-deity) in verse 14, as well as the 25 elders worshipping the Sun towards the East, verse 16. In verses 3 and 5 we read of "the image of jealousy" which was erected in the entrance to the Temple. Scofield regards this "image of jealousy" to be phallic.208 The Lamsa Bible as well as the New English Bible have rendered this as "image of lust". Travellers to Rome all know about the famous Obelisk at the entrance of St. Peter's in Rome. It is not a mere copy of an Egyptian obelisk, it is one of the very same obelisks that stood in Egypt in Heliopolis in ancient times! When the mystery religion came to pagan Rome, Egyptian obelisks, especially from helipolis, were hauled, at great expense, and erected by the Roman emperors. Caligula, in 37-41 B.C.E., had this very same obelisk brought from Heliopolis, Egypt, to his circus on the Vatican Hill, where now stands St. Peter's is 83 feet high (132 feet with its foundation) and weighs 320 tons. Pope Sixtus V ordered it to be moved a little in 1586, in order to centre it in front of St. Peter's. the sun-pillar from Heliopolis, which the Mighty One has ordered to be destroyed, was not destroyed. Rather, it was erected right in the entrance to St. Peter's - a memorial to the fusion of Sun-worship with the Messianic Faith.

FIG. 6: Obelisk in front of St. Peter's.

The majority of church buildings that have been built over the centuries have a tower. Each generation of church builders has copied the former generation, probably never questioning the origin of the idea. The Scriptural Temple of Yah˙weh does not have a pointed tower or pointed pillar in its design. Similar to the sun-pillar or obelisks, these pointed towers of churches can be traced back to Babylon. Many of the towers that were built in the Babylonian empire were not watchtowers, but were religious towers. In those times, a stranger entering a Babylonian city would have no difficulty locating its temple, we are told, for high above the flat roofed houses, its tower could be seen.210 We are also told by The Catholic Encyclopedia, "It is a striking fact that most Babylonian cities possessed a ... temple-tower."211 Whether it be a tower, a steeple or a spire, they are all un-Scriptural. Several writers think, and not without some justification, the towers, steeples and spires with the ancient obelisk. "There is evidence," says one, "to show that the spires of our churches owe their existence to the uprights or obelisks outside the temples of former ages."212 Another says, "There are still in existence today remarkable specimens of original phallic symbols ... steeples on churches ... and obelisks."213

The Church has sadly failed to destroy the obelisks or sun-pillars of Sun-worship. They have kept on erecting new ones, similar to the obelisks, nowadays standing separate from the main building, often similar to the obelisks of old. However, this will continue only till the time of the end-time, for we read, "the Asherim and the sun-images shall rise no more," Isa. 27:9 ASV. Indeed The Mighty One Himself will destroy them in the end-time, "and I will cut off your carced images and your pillars out of the middle of you, and you shall no more worship the work of your hand." (Micah 5:13 ASV).


"Through the use of their names in the designations for the days of the week, Tiu, Wodan, Donar and Frija are with absolute certainty ascertained to be ancient Teutonic divinities."214 This is generally accepted by all. Through the centuries some devout clergy have attempted to put an end to this practice. History tells us that a certain pope tried it, but failed. However, one zealous Catholic bishop succeeded in Iceland in the year 1100: Jon Ogmundsson. Because of his effort, Iceland renounced the names of the weekdays by numbering them, "Second Day", "Third Day", etc.215

Similar to the Teutonic way of naming the weekdays after their deities, pagan Rome had previously also done the same, but in their case the deities were the planetary deities, the astra, the host of heaven. Since the 2nd century B.C.E., the seven-day week was adopted instead of the old Roman eight day week, but the new system still had the names of the planetary teities. These days were dedicated to, and named after, the planetary deities. These planetary deities of Rome later became identified with the deities of the Teutonic and other European peoples. Franz Cumont, that great scholar of pagan religions, remarks on this "astral" or "Chaldean" influence on this weekdays' naming, "Then today we name the days Saturday, Sunday, Monday, we are heathen and astrologers without knowing it, since we recognise implicitly that (they) ... belong to Saturn .. to the Sun ... and to the Moon."216

The prophecy for the end-time has been given to us in Zech. 13:2, "'It shall be in that day,' say Yah˙weh of hosts, 'that I will cut off the names of the idols from the land, and they shall no longer be remembered.'" Shall we not start eliminating them now, lest we be found guilty in that day? According to Scripture, the days should be called according to their numbering, except for the 7th day which can be called by its Scriptural name, the Sabbath day. In the period of transition, it would be very easy for us to use the date instead of the day, e.g., instead of speaking of and appointment of Friday, rather say: an appointment on the 23rd day of this month. "Tomorrow", "day after tomorrow", "yesterday, "day before yesterday", etc., will also help.

The names of most months are also derived from idols. These are also easily eliminated by numbering the month according to the date, e.g., speak of an appointment on 23.7.1985.

The Mighty One has commanded us in Exod. 23:13, "Be circumspect and make no mention of the name of other mighty ones, nor let it be heard from your mouth." John tells us in 1 John 5:3, "For this is the love of Yah˙weh , that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome." Ps. 1:1-2 in the RSV reads, "Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked ... but his delight is in the Law of Yah˙weh ." The Psalmist says in Ps. 119:11 and 97 RSV, "I have laid up Thy word in my heart, that I might not sin against Thee ... Oh, how I love Thy Law!"


Almost the last, but not the least, of how the Messianic Faith was mixed with the worship of the host of heaven, comes to us as a most disturbing revelation.

This precious book, the Scriptures, that we dedicatingly love, is called "Scriptures" whenever the book is spoken of as a whole. This was the name given to it by Yahush˙a and His apostles, and once by Daniel in Dan. 10:21. We find it designated as such in no less than 54 places, of which, therefore, 53 appear in the New Testament. "Scripture" was the word used by Luther as a designating title for his German translation of the Scriptures. It is true that parts of Scripture, or individual books, are called "books" or "scrolls", which arebiblos or biblion in Greek. But biblos or biblion both only refer to individual books or sections of the Scriptures, and is nowhere used Scripture to designate the complete writ, the Scriptures.

This word for the Scriptures, was not used in the first few centuries of this era, and was first used ca. 400 C.E.217 Thus, this designation for the Scriptures was a later introduction. Why then was the Scriptural designation for the complete book, namely "Scriptures", substituted with the Hellenised word, "Bible"? The common story that has been told us, is that biblion, or plural biblia, denotes any kind of written document, originally written on papyrus. This Egyptian papyrus reed cam from Egypt and was imported through the Phoenician seaport Gebal, which the Greeks called Byblos or Byblus. This seaport Byblos was the home of the Phoenician Sun-deity, according to S.H. Langdon, Mythology of All Races, vol. V. p. 351. This seaport or city was also known to be a city which was founded by Baal Chronos, as well as the real seat of Adonis,218 where a large temple of Adonis once proudly stood. The Isis and Osiris could, both Sun-deities, also became popular in this city later on.218 Further evidence was found when we read that, "The Sun-god is associated with the 'Lady of Byblos' in a letter from Tell el-Amarna (116:65, Kn.)."219 In our research, up to this point, we were suspicious, but had no proof or incriminating evidence. and then, it was revealed to us. W.H. Roscher in his Ausfuhrliches Lexikon der Griechischen und Romishen Mythologie, vol. 1, pp. 839-840, states that this ancient city Byblos in Phoenicia, as well as the city Byblis, in Egypt, was named after the female deity BYBLIS, also called BYBLE, also called BIBLIS! This female deity was the grand-daughter of Apollo, the well-known Greek Sun-deity!220 Moreover - pagan worship was generally known to have some sensuality to draw the carnal minds of the masses. And here again, we find that this female deity, Biblis, was described as nymph (Gilbert Meadows, An Illustrated Dictionary of Classical Mythology, as well as Edward Tripp, Crowell's Handbook of Classical Mythology, both under "Byblis"). This very book, the Scriptures, which we so dearly love and cherish, has been given a name derived from the female deity who was the grand-daughter of the Sun-deity, Apollo.

We then understood the great sign given to John in Revelation 12, the Sun-clothed woman. Indeed, the faith of the New Testament, originating from the pure Hebrew Faith, had become clothed with Sun-worship. Because the Church had rejected the Eternal Covenant, the Ten Living Words, just like Old Testament Israel so often did (as described in Acts 7:38 to 42), therefore the same verdict came upon us: "The Mighty One turned and gave them up to worship the host of heaven ..." The Church was mixed with, and fused with sun-worship, to such an extent, that The Mighty One gave her up to receive the name derived from CIRCE, the daughter of the Sun-deity, and that her most precious heritage, the Scriptures, became clothed with a cover on which is a name derived from the grand-daughter of the Sun-deity Apollo, namely : BYBLE or BYBLIS or BIBLIS.

It is from this Sun-clothed woman that the Body of The Messiah, the pure Messianic Faith, the man-child, must be delivered from, Rev. 12:5. (We believe this man-child is the True Faith, the Body of The Messiah, because the The Messiah was born from a virgin and not from a woman). The woman shall be taken to the wilderness where she is to be fed (? spiritual food, spiritual truths). This passage in Rev. 12 reminds of Eze. 20 : 35 - 37, a prophecy for the end-time, "'And I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there will I plead my case with you face to face. Just as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will plead my case with you, says the Sovereign Yah˙weh . 'I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the Covenant.'" This same prophecy is given in Hos. 2: 14-17, "Therefore, behold, I will lure her and bring her to the wilderness and speak to her heart ... For I will take away the names of the Baals out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name," Green's Interlinear.

At this point you may ask: But the word biblos, meaning "book", is in the Greek New Testament; it is an innocent word, simply meaning "book"? The reply to this is: Firstly, "Bible" almost identically resembles the name of this female deity, Byble, while it resembles less the Greek biblos, biblion, or biblia. And secondly, there are quite a number of other Greek word in the Greek New Testament which are derived from, or, later on given to, idol's names. Whether they were derived from, or later given to, idol's name, can be disputed, but the former was the case in the vast majority of instances. A thorough study of the subject impresses upon us the ancient existence of these names of pagan deities. As previously stated, we cannot accept that the New Testament was originally written in Greek. We have may authorities' opinion, based upon evidence, that the original New Testament - the majority of it, if not all of it was written in Hebrew and or Aramaic. Hebrew was the only heavenly language spoken from Sinai, and all of Israel heard and understood it. Again , in the New Testament we read how Yahush˙a spoke to the apostle Paul on the road to Damascus in the Hebrew language, Acts 26: 14. On the other hand, Greek, like all the languages of the nations, was a pagan language, its vocabulary being in existence long before the Glad Tidings reached them. Like all the languages of the pagan nations, its vocabulary consisted of many names of their deities. The reason? They were not guided by the Law of Yah˙weh that prohibited His people, "Make no mention of the names of other mighty ones, nor let it be heard from your mouth," Exod. 23;13. Even after the Greeks and other pagan nations heard the Glad Tidings, and accepted the Messiah, the majority of them were anti-Judaistic, some little and some much, and therefore did not have the same reverence for the Law that was given in the Old Testament, as was expected from Israel, and from us too. Secondly, in their enthusiasm to win converts, they did compromise much. This is called "syncretism". We can list a few of these names of pagan deities which are to be found in the Greek New Testament:

a) Hades - The Greeks had a supreme deity Hades. He or she was also known as the deity of the underworld, and also as a Sun-deity. The word hades also became used for "grave". In the King James Version this word was only once correctly translated as "grave" (1 Cor. 15: 55). In 11 places it was incorrectly translated as "hell". This was a sad mistake, because it gives the wrong idea of the state of the dead. Dr. Bullinger The Companion Bible, appendix 131, states, "'The grave' therefore, is obviously the best rendering ... The rendering 'the grave' exactly expresses the meaning of Hades." However, there is another Greek word that has been rendered "hell" in English translation. That word is the Greek word gehenna. In the King James Version the word "hell", in twelve places, is a rendering of gehenna. This is much better, for indeed, the "burning rubbish heap", gehenna, is the place that awaits the unrepentant sinners, the unrepentant lawless, those who wilfully transgress the Law of Yah˙weh . Yahush˙a said in Matt. 13:41 - 42, "The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His Kingdom all things that offend, and those who practise lawlessness and will cast them into the furnace of fire." He said more or less the same in Matt. 7:22-23, about those who possess Gifts of the Spirit but still practise lawlessness, "And I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practise lawlessness.'" Nevertheless, returning to the word hades: It was, and still is, the name of a pagan idol, and appears in the Greek of the Greek New Testament.

b) Charis - In the Hebrew of the Old Testament we find a very common word Chen, which simply means: favour. This word Chen was correctly rendered "favour" in the Old Testament of the American translations (American Standard Version, New American Standard Bible, Smith-Goodspeed Translation, Rotherham Version, New International Version, New World Translation), as well as in the English Ferrar Fenton Translation and New English bible. However, when this same word is used in the Greek of the New Testament, we find the word charis. This word was also known as grace, better known in its Latin form gratia.

From the English word "grace", "charismatic" and "charity" have come to us. Why was the generally accepted rendering "favour" (unmerited favour) not extended into the New Testament as well? The New Testament is based on the Old Testament is it not? The New Testament is but a continuation of the Old Testament. Its authors were Hebrews, they spoke Aramaic and or Hebrew, just like the authors of the Old Testament. Why then was a foreign word introduced which was unashamedly adopted from (or identified with) the name of a female deity? Yes, any dictionary or encyclopaedia will verify this. This Greek deity's name, Charis, is found in the Greek New Testament, no less than 127 times, translated as "grace" in the English translations instead of "favour", as it should have been, and as has correctly been done, indeed, in 6 places in the King James Version's New Testament, namely, Luke 1:30, Luke 2:52, Acts 2:47, Acts 7:10, Acts 7:46, and Acts 25:3. Who was this Charis? She was the wife of Hephaistos the fire-deity.221 She is identified with Aphrodite, both being names for the glistening dawn similar to the Sanskrit Ushas,221 the Dawn deity of the Indians, similar to the Greek Eos and daughter of Zeus and Here.222 In the plural form, Charites, we find the commonly known "Three Charites" or "Three Graces", three pretty young female deities, either stark naked or else very scantily dressed,223 being the three daughters of Helios, the Sun-deity.223

c) Other names of Greek deities that appear in the Greek New Testament are: Aster, Nymphe, Hellen, and Kakia, but this is a subject for another study.

d) Theos, Iesous - These have been discussed already.

Suffice it to say, the Greek language was a human language, the vast majority of its vocabulary was formed when the Greeks were still a pagan nation, having the names of their numerous deities freely used in various applications. This was not only the case with the Greeks, but also with all other non-Hebrew nations who did not have the Law of Yah˙weh to mould their languages. However, in the period before the Messiah came, the Greek language and customs were regarded as typical of, and even synonymous with, the pagan nations, especially because of the most severe oppressive occupation of Israel by the Hellenised Antiochus. It is therefore not surprising to read of the Talmud regarding the Greek language as being unclean. "The first part of the Talmud, the Mishna,emphatically declared it was worse for a Jew to learn Greek than to eat swine flesh."224

The prophecy for the end-time comes to us clearly in Zeph. 3:9, "For then will I change to the peoples a pure lip, that all of them may call upon the Name of Yah˙weh , to serve Him with one consent," Hebrew text. It is well known that a "pure lip" is a Hebrew idiom for the Hebrew language. In that day all the peoples of the world will know Him by the One Name (Zech. 14:9) with He revealed to Israel, and which His Son, Yahush˙a, made known to His disciples, John 17:6. Yahush˙a also promised to make it known to us too, John 17:26. Those who are dedicated ,please note: "calling on the Name of Yah˙weh " causes Him to send His Spirit, the Spirit of Separation, the Spirit of Truth, the Spirit that washes away the filth of the daughters of Zion, Isa. 4:4. Our Messiah has begun to separate and to cleanse His assembly with the washing of water by the Word (Eph. 5:26) - even cleansing His assembly from these names of pagan idols: Hades, Charis, Grace and Biblis or Byblis or Byble! " will cut off the names of the idols from the land," Yah˙weh said in Zech. 13:2.

24. LUCK

Before we proceed to this "luck" as a word, we would like to emphasis the fact that the idea of "luck" in itself is totally un-Scriptural, just like "fortune". This is the reprimand of Isa. 65:11, namely, that "good luck" and "fortune" are being relied on, instead of us relying on Yah˙weh . We should be entirely dependant on His blessings, which we can only receive from him if we live a life dedicated to Him and in obedience to His Word, His Son.

The word "Luck", derived from a name for the Sun-deity, is not found as such in the older English translations of the Scriptures, but the words "lucky" and "un-lucky" appear seven times in the Good New Bible. However, it is most frequently used in our everyday language. In the German, Netherlands and Afrikaans versions the word is used indeed as gluck or geluk, the latter, and probably the former too, being a word derived from the original form, luk. This fact can be verified in Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal, vol. VIII, part II, pp. 3304 - 3306. We read here that luk was originally a vox media, a spiritistic medium. Also, that luk was also written luck, luc, lucke, lok, lock (pp. 3304 and 3306). On p. 3305 it states that Luk was also the name of a "personified Goddess of Luck." In The Oxford English Dictionary, vol. VII, p. 486, we read that the ultimate etymology of "Luck" or middle High Dutch gelucke, or Middle High German gelucke, is "obscure". Walshe, a Concise German Etymological Dictionary, under "Gluck", also states that the origin of this word is obscure. So, once again, "the god of this world" (2 Cor. 4:4), Satan, has blinded the eyes, has deceived the whole world (Rev. 12:9). The Prince of Darkness has seen to it that his evil work has been hidden, made obscure.

The common everyday saying "One for luck", is most probably just a continuation of the old pagan Nordic expression, "One for god and one for Wod (Wodin or Wodan), and one for Lok", of which we read of in Karl Helm, Altgermanische Religionsgeschichte, p. 265. Please remember that the above quoted Netherlands dictionary stated that luck, luk and lok are just different spellings for the same word. Forlong, Encyclopedia of Religions, vol. 2, p. 463, says that Luk is an ancient root for "light" and related to Loki. In Gray's Mythology of All Races, vol. IX, p. 253, we read of "Luk the highest deity, as he was known in the Caroline Islands." Jobes, Dictionary of Mythology Folklore and Symbols, on p. 1024, states that Luk was the highest primordial deity of the Caroline Islands. On the same page we read of "Lug, the Sun-deity himself" and again of "Lugus, Gaelic Sun-deity." Jacob Grimm, Teutonic Mythology, reveals more of the obscure origin of this mysterious deity. The names Logi and Loki were merged in times of old.225 He further points out the apparent roots for these names to be: lucere, luken.226 He also reveals that Locke was the Danish for the burning sun, and the Jutland's Lokke was the heat of the sun, and that "Loki, is by turns taken ... for sun, fire, giant or devil."226 Luka was also known as the fire-deity, as we read on p. 242. Jacob Grimm on p. 82, vol. 1, of his Deutsche Mythologie, says that Lokki could be taken as an abbreviation of "Lucifer"! Scholars normally regard a fire-deity to be the same as a Sun-deity.

What does the word "Lucifer" basically mean? All dictionaries tell us it means luc or luci, plus fer or ferre, that means: light-bringer. According to some mythologists Lucifer was the son of Zeus (Sky-deity) and Eos (Dawn-deity).227 In the King James Version we read only once of Lucifer, and that is in Isa. 14:12 where the king of Babylon is called: Lucifer. This was taken over from the Latin Vulgate, and many scholars prefer to use other words which more correctly translate the Hebrew Helel, pronounced: Hailail or Heileil. This word basically means "the shining one" or "the bright one". Apart from the interpretation of this king of Babylon as being "Lucifer", we find some calling him "morning star". Others, with good documented evidence, believe that Helel (Heileil) is Jupiter,228 the Sky-deity, which later became the sun-deity, also called Marduk-Jupiter228 - Marduk being the well-known Babylonian Sun-deity. J.W. McKay made a thorough study of this Helel in his article, Helel and the Dawn-goddess, in Vetus Testamentum, XX (1970), pp. 451-464, and he also mentions the strong evidence for Helel (Heileil) being the Sun-deity or being Jupiter. According to Isa. 14:12, Helel is the son of Dawn or Daybreak. Most pagan nations have the myth of the female Dawn-deity giving her birth to her son, the Sun-deity. Thus, this Scripture reveals to us that the "king of Babylon" is indeed the Shining One, the Sun, or Jupiter. We must remember that the deities of Babylon were made kings, and also that their kings were named after their deities, who were (in almost all cases) Sun-deities. We must not be misled by any man-made interpretation of Isa. 14. The emphasis is on the "king of Babylon" and not on Satan. The deified Sun may be a symbol of, or even an adopted guise of Satan. It could be that Satan used the Sun to catch the masses with, and to detract Yah˙weh's people from their Creator, the One who is to be worshipped, the One who created the sun. The sun is to be regarded only as part of the creation, and nothing more, and certainly not to be worshipped. Identifying Lucifer with Satan, is an idea that came later.

Let us first see what and who this Helel (Heileil, Hailail) of Isa. 14:12 is. In verse 4 he is called "the king of Babylon". This Shining One, Heileil, is the one who has said in his heart, "I will ascend into heave, I will exalt my throne above the stars of The Mighty One; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation ... I will be like the Most High." many commentators have acknowledged this passage to be future (at the time of its writing), and not past history. This passage is strikingly similar to 2 Thess. 2, the passage known as "the Great Apostasy", or the revelation of the Mystery of Lawlessness, the Man of Lawlessness sitting in the Temple, who has taken the place of The Mighty One. In Isa. 14 he is identified as the Shining One, Helel, also called Light-bringer, Lucifer. This is clear Scriptural evidence that the Sun-deity or Sky-deity, Heileil, the Shining One, has taken the place of the True Mighty One, or has planned to do so!

This is further confirmation of the Heil (holy) of the German, Dutch and Afrikaans translation, being the Sun-deity or Sky-deity, as we have previously discussed. Just like the Hebrew helel (heileil), we also found the Greek word heile for sun-ray or sun-light, as we previously saw and discussed. The king of Babylon, the Shining One the Lawless One, has planned, or is indeed sitting on the throne where Yahush˙a ought to be sitting. This is the message of Isa. 14 and 2 Thess. 2, as well as the authoritative prophetic message of Yahush˙a in Matt. 24:15 wherein He warns us that in the end-time it will be found that "the abomination of desolation" is standing in the Separated Place, the Temple, spiritually or literally. This "abomination of desolation" is generally accepted as Zeus, the Sky- or Sun-deity.

We should therefore repent of the idea of depending on "luck", of wishing one another "good luck" (the GD of Isa. 65:11), and should rather speak of the blessing, and seek the blessing, of Yah˙weh. Also, the revealed evidence of the Sun- or Sky-deity being the origin of Luk, Lok, Luck, Lug, Loki and Lucifer, should inspire us to worship the Father in the Spirit and in Truth, John 4:23-24. We should also be alerted to the Scriptural revelation of Helel (Heileil), the Shining One, being the King of Babylon, and rather seek to serve the "King of the Jews" - the title which was given to our Messiah and which is found no less than 18 times in Scripture!

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